Author: Ruth Moorman

Pacific Power’s Blue Sky Wind Farm Facility (video)


This 50 MW project came online in 2016 and is composed of 25 turbines. Over the course of construction, the project created construction jobs, helped boost the surrounding economy and provided an interesting project for local spectators to keep tabs on. Located in the small town of Huntington, Oregon, the wind farm is located on a family owned ranch and is expected to be fully operational for 20 years.


How One Multinational Food & Beverage Company is Reducing Global Emissions – at No Additional Cost


Mondelez InternationalIn 2017, Mondelēz International engaged 3Degrees for assistance meeting an ambitious goal: reducing its absolute greenhouse gas emissions vs. a historic base year in each of its four global operating regions. The company thinks of emissions reductions in a virtuous cycle, progressing through usage reduction, on-site consumption from low and zero carbon sources, cost effective solutions that don’t require a change in the supply chain and, finally, off-site renewable solutions to help close any remaining gap. Mondelēz International had been making steady progress through energy efficiency and other on-site solutions, but needed additional reductions to achieve its goals. 3Degrees was hired for a three-year engagement to establish a strategy to achieve the company’s goals across all regions and to support the regional teams’ resulting implementation.


We knew that Mondelēz International’s needs were complex, but we were up to the task and readily accepted the challenge. The company’s ambitious requirements included: the reductions needed to be in place for calendar year 2020 reporting; each region must meet the goal independently; each implementation solution must have a cost-neutral or cost-saving economic profile; and no unbundled instruments such as RECs or GOs could be used.

How we helped

3Degrees began the engagement by identifying emissions hotspots across Mondelēz International’s global operations, then assessed specific countries where it could get the “best bang for their carbon buck”. For example, we looked for opportunities where one solution could address multiple issues, thus optimizing the company’s resources. We honed in on four areas that looked to be the most promising in meeting Mondelēz International’s goals:

  • On-site solar
  • Green retail (in deregulated markets)
  • Combined heat and power solutions (CHP)
  • Off-site renewable solutions

For each one of these prospective solutions, 3Degrees conducted a comprehensive analysis that was specific to each region and its target reduction goals. The analysis also included an assessment of specific facilities in the region whose emissions profiles were sufficiently large to allow for a meaningful contribution to the goal should a reduction solution be pursued. We then mapped solutions to each facility, taking into account regional policy environments, resource availability, vendor landscape, project economics, and other factors.

“This was an ambitious assignment because Mondelēz International’s needs were complex and global in nature. But we were up to the challenge and feel very positive about the global strategy road map we were able to deliver and the significant emissions reductions that will come as a result.”



3Degrees delivered a global strategy roadmap that will enable Mondelēz International to meet its emissions reduction goals in all four regions by the company’s 2020 target, with solutions that are cost-neutral or better. In some regions, multiple implementation options are available and the company’s regional teams are engaged in final alignment discussions; in other regions, implementation work has already begun. 3Degrees is supporting these implementations, as well as needed changes in Mondelēz International’s greenhouse gas accounting practices to correctly quantify the resulting reductions.

Read about Mondelēz International’s new VPPA

How One Global Beverage Company Took Pure Water to the Next Level

Voss case study Norway pure water

company goals

VOSS LogoIn 2007, leading beverage brand VOSS set out on a mission to take a hard look at the holistic environmental impact of its exceptionally pure bottled water products.  Although VOSS offered some of the cleanest water products in the world, the company realized the process of sourcing, bottling and bringing its products to market in over 50 countries had a significant carbon footprint as the price for its success.  Inconsistent with their environmental values and detrimental to the very resources from which VOSS water flows, VOSS decided it was time to make a change.

VOSS approached 3Degrees to help it comprehensively address its carbon emissions, which were only going to grow significantly as the company achieved greater success.


VOSS was looking for a thorough, meaningful solution to address its cradle-to-grave product life cycle carbon footprint from the moment it sources its water to the moment the bottle is recycled. VOSS entrusted 3Degrees to dive deep and come up with a methodology and approach that would be impactful, holistic and scale with the company’s global ambitions.

How we helped

There were three phases to 3Degrees’ engagement with VOSS.

3Degrees' Role

Phase One – Carbon Footprint Advising and Calculation

We kicked off our work with VOSS with a comprehensive carbon footprint analysis and recommendations on ways to reduce their overall greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.  3Degrees calculated and accounted for greenhouse gas emissions from all stages of VOSS’s product life cycle, as well as all employee travel and business activities.  This “end to end” product life cycle assessment calculates the impact of the raw material extraction and processing, transport of raw materials, bottling processes, transportation of finished products and, finally, end-of-life management including refilling, recycling or disposal of the bottles and packaging. 3Degrees’ greenhouse gas emissions reduction recommendations spanned product life cycle stages.

Phase Two – High Caliber Carbon Offsets Purchase

To offset unavoidable greenhouse gas emissions, 3Degrees worked with VOSS to identify and select high quality carbon offset projects in the U.S., China and later Australia. The projects were evaluated and selected on the basis of VOSS’s criteria for desired project technologies, geographic locations, volumes, co-benefits, marketability and price point. VOSS then committed to an annual purchase of offsets from the selected projects to neutralize the company’s unavoidable carbon footprint.

Phase Three – Communicating to Stakeholders

Once 3Degrees and VOSS agreed on the strategy for the carbon offsets and implemented the purchase, VOSS wanted to communicate its plan to stakeholders in a compelling manner.  VOSS was proud of its environmental commitment and wanted to share that story, but was keenly aware of the need to message it accurately, humbly, and with integrity.  3Degrees’ marketing and design teams developed strategic and tactical communications recommendations, including an environmental mission statement, messaging for packaging, and press release and website copy.

3Degrees built a tremendous amount of trust with the VOSS team and our initial one-time engagement with the company turned into a relationship that’s lasted more than a decade. 


Through the partnership with 3Degrees, VOSS was able to:

  • Calculate its cradle-to-grave lifecycle carbon footprint
  • Implement company-wide carbon reduction efforts
  • Mitigate the impact of its unavoidable product life cycle greenhouse gas emissions through the purchase of high-caliber verified carbon offsets
  • Powerfully communicate its environmental commitment to internal and external stakeholders

More on Energy and Climate Consulting with 3Degrees.

Why my work matters: Kathleen Nickerson


Kathleen Nickerson is a partnership manager in our utility practice.

Some of my favorite projects:

  • Worked with mayor, city council and the city’s largest employers to successfully promote renewable energy in a coastal Oregon city.
  • For a large western utility, supported a multi-million dollar grant program that funded renewable energy projects for non-profits and municipalities.
  • Based on feedback received from a utility’s customers, expanded our call center services to provide information about all renewable energy options available through the utility.
  • Helped to found and manage the 3Degrees corporate giving and volunteer program, getting buy-in for employee volunteer activities and a company donation match program.



I work in this industry because I want to leave a legacy.

 Special skills & expertise

purchase-agreement teams  create-and-design switch-hitter
Skilled in building community support for renewable energy Proven ability to manage and motivate teams of seasonal and part-time workers Creates pilot programs and then takes them to scale Superpower:
A switch hitter, she is equally skilled at writing, number crunching and relationship building

Watch Kathleen’s video:

Why my work matters: Lisa DiMartino

Lisa DiMartino is a senior manager in our utility practice.

Some of my favorite recent projects:

  • Serving as a founding member of the 3Degrees diversity and inclusion team with responsibility for leading D&I training, including our first ever company-wide, in-person training.
  • For a northwest utility, managed several large, multi-city community challenges, working with community leaders to promote renewable energy through events, outreach and other marketing tactics.
  • Helped a utility client bring together separate but related marketing initiatives around energy efficiency and renewable energy, resulting in improved customer experience.



I’m passionate about inspiring clients and their customers to choose renewable energy, and in doing so, help transform the industry.

 Special skills & expertise

sustainability   spanish-speaker teams
15 years of sustainability experience Identifying client needs and building solutions to address them Data driven approach to marketing and outreach Conversational Spanish Superpower:
Facilitates and inspires teams through collaboration, inclusion, transparency and heart.

Watch Lisa’s video:

Why my work matters: Kelly Rytel


Kelly is a director in the energy and climate practice at 3Degrees.

Some of my favorite recent projects:

  • Using both quantitative and qualitative research tools, developing a sustainability baseline and helping to prioritize sustainability opportunities for a high tech transportation company.
  • For the past several years has helped a large data center provider develop and report on their sustainability work, integrating GRI frameworks into all reporting initiatives.
  • Helped a large, multinational firm on a major initiative to engage their suppliers in 100% renewable energy goals. Developed end to end engagement process and created educational materials that provide actionable information on renewable energy options in multiple countries.



I believe climate change is our generation’s largest challenge and it’s gratifying to be part of the solution.

 Special skills & expertise

reporting  financial-analysis  global creative-thinking
Broad knowledge in sustainability reporting and footprinting Skilled in creating custom financial models, including feasibility and sensitivity analyses Deep knowledge of renewable energy landscape in Asia Superpower:
Equal parts creative and analytical (both left and right brained)

Watch Kelly’s video:

Wind and solar PPAs allow BART to meet renewable energy goals ahead of schedule



Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART) is the 5th largest rapid transit system in the US, serving San Francisco and its surrounding communities. BART riders take approximately 430,000 trips each weekday on the system. To transport those riders, BART uses approximately 400,000 MWh every year, making BART one of the largest electricity users in Northern California. With nearly 90% of riders agreeing that BART is an environmentally responsible form of transportation, BART leveraged this support to sponsor a bill in 2015 that would allow it to buy wholesale renewable energy directly. This bill’s passage allows BART to directly support California’s climate change goals by buying cost-effective, zero-emissions renewable power and further support their eco-conscious riders.


While BART now had the legal authority to buy its own renewable energy, several challenges remained. First, the organization needed to create a new wholesale electricity portfolio policy that included new renewable energy goals. This policy needed to be approved by the publicly-elected Board of Directors. Second, the Board also needed to approve any renewable energy contracts prior to their execution. And third, BART needed to find long-term renewable energy supply at stable, competitive prices, with minimal risks, and do so in the complex wholesale California energy market. California’s recent solar boom resulted in a high concentration of solar development which has impacted power pricing and changed the value and risk profile for both buyers and sellers. Lastly, regulatory changes both in California and at the federal level, and the looming solar panel tariffs, complicated the risk and financial analyses.

“Price was only one of the factors in our decision-making. 3Degrees helped us understand the relative risks and benefits across a number of projects, allowing us to find a cost-effective solution that also minimized our risk.”

–Holly Gordon, Sustainability Group Manager at BART

How we helped


BART partnered with 3Degrees to help navigate through these challenges, from developing their renewable energy goals to final PPA contract execution. Following the approval by the Board of the wholesale electricity portfolio policy, 3Degrees developed a customized RFP to meet BART’s special procurement needs and was responsible for organizing the full procurement process from hosting a bidders’ webinar to final project recommendations.

This was no small task: BART received proposals from over 50 projects with over 300 price and contract variations. 3Degrees led the qualitative and quantitative evaluation of all the proposals in close coordination with the BART team. The joint team created an initial shortlist for deeper analysis. We interviewed the shortlisted developers to gain a more holistic understanding of the projects and the teams, and through this process uncovered key project nuances that had a material impact on project viability and competitiveness. In parallel with the qualitative analysis, 3Degrees performed additional quantitative analysis on the shortlisted projects including carefully constructed “stress tests” to evaluate project performance under a variety of market conditions. By creating a range of scenarios that incorporated the unique needs of BART as well as the challenging characteristics of the California market, 3Degrees was able to identify and reveal clear trade-offs between the proposals. We ranked the projects based on their implied REC value, thus allowing for an apples-to-apples comparison of proposals of sometimes-widely varying characteristics.

Our comprehensive approach to analyzing the proposals culminated in the creation of a weighted scorecard which provided a transparent tool to assist the BART team in making their final selection. The combined BART and 3Degrees team came to an unexpected decision: BART would move forward with contract negotiations for two projects. In order to ensure this approach didn’t over complicate the process or add unnecessary time, 3Degrees led the commercial negotiations in close coordination with BART and their legal counsel, negotiating the two contracts in parallel.

With an eye to long-term value, BART took the opportunity to create a diversified supply portfolio that would both save BART money and allow BART to meet their renewable energy goals early.




More on 3Degrees’ Transaction Center of Excellence

Vietnam biogas


Vietnam biogas

Groundbreaking bio-digestor project reduces greenhouse gases and improves lives in Vietnam

Animal waste can produce large amounts of methane, a very potent greenhouse gas. Run off from the manure also can impact water quality in nearby streams and rivers. While dairy methane digesters are a well known solution for large scale operations, a different solution was needed in rural Vietnam, where over 2 million families raise pigs on a small scale.

This project is run by a non-profit organization that uses its funding to establish new digester manufacturing franchises and to train local franchisees on how to build new digester projects. These small-scale digesters capture methane gas from animal waste related to small family animal husbandry in rural Vietnam. Captured gas is used for cooking and lighting in households.

The project has already built 150,000 biogas digesters, with a goal of completing 180,000 by 2018, and has helped 700,000 people in 53 rural Vietnamese provinces.

Environmental and Social Benefits

In areas that lack adequate manure management, biogas technology can help to address hygiene and odor issues and reduce the pollution of waterways. The clean energy produced by a digester can be used to power stoves for cooking, as well as appliances such as lamps and boilers. The generation of biogas also creates a valuable fertilizer by-product that increases farmers’ agricultural yields. Among the project’s co-benefits are:  

+ reduced working time for women (searching for fuel) by 1.5-2.0 hours each day

+ increased crop yields by 5-20% due to use of organic fertilizer by-product

+ approximately 64,000 avoided cases of respiratory illness from indoor air pollution

+ new revenue stream for local masons constructing the digesters

The project has received multiple awards including the World Energy Award (2012), the Ashden Award (2010) and the Energy Globe Award (2006). The sale of Gold Standard carbon credits enables the program to train more people in digester construction and maintenance, thus reaching additional farm families.

3Degrees + Carbon Offsets

At 3Degrees, we are committed to bringing high quality carbon offset projects to the market, providing our customers with unique and meaningful projects.