China wind energy displaces coal-fired power and reduces GHG emissions
In the past several years, China has seen remarkable growth in the installation of renewable energy projects. In 2020 alone, the country more than doubled its construction of new wind and solar power plants from the previous year. To help fund the construction and ongoing maintenance of many of these projects and make progress towards decommissioning the country’s heavily polluting coal-fired power plants, developers often rely on revenue from the sale of carbon credits where projects are proven to be additional or beyond business as usual.
The Hebei Guyuan Wind Farm located in the North China Plain is an example of one of these projects. The project consists of 133 wind turbines with a capacity of 199.5 MW. The project uses wind resources to supply clean, renewable electricity to the grid North China Power Grid (NCPG). The electricity generated from this project displaces part of the electricity from the NCPG which is predominantly generated by coal-fired power plants which are pervasive in the region.
Energy from the project displaces the electricity generated from fossil fuel-fired power plants connected to the NCPG. Replacing fossil fuel combustion with wind power significantly reduces greenhouse gas emissions.
Using wind energy avoids harmful pollutants from fossil fuel combustion, such as sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides and particulate matter. The project greatly improves air quality in the surrounding area.
The project construction and ongoing project maintenance creates job opportunities for local people which helps to stimulate economic growth in the region. New renewable energy capacity will add to the sustainable development of this region, as the project plans to utilize domestic-made, state-of-the-art wind turbines to promote turbine manufacturing industries in the Hebei Province.