Month: November 2019

Utilities hold the key for driving EV adoption

electric car being charged

How Green Power Program participants can help accelerate the journey

Society has until 2030 to slash carbon emissions by 45% to avoid the worst effects of climate change, according to the recent UN IPCC report. Fortunately, the single largest source of emissions in the U.S., the transportation sector, may already have the answer: electric vehicles (EVs). 

Yet today, more than a decade after the first contemporary battery-only EV (BEV) was delivered, less than 0.5% of the world’s 1.2 billion vehicles are EVs. And while EV sales in the U.S. are forecasted to overtake sales of gas-burning vehicles around 2035, they will represent only 42% of total vehicles on the road in 2040. To hit IPCC goals, we must accelerate EV adoption.

What’s slowing us down? One significant challenge is “the awareness gap” in knowledge of EVs on the market: in one study by Strategic Vision, for example, 54% of consumers were not able to name even one EV model. In addition to lack of awareness, there are also consumer concerns around charging and “range anxiety”.

Utilities are recognizing the business value of EVs

While most utilities recognize that they are key players in the transition to EVs and are increasingly active in supporting them, the majority are still early in the journey. According to SEPA, 74% are just getting started with simple initiatives such as providing EV information that can help close the awareness gap and purchasing EVs for their fleets. Only 23% are directly encouraging the purchase and use of EVs through tactics like deploying charging infrastructure and rate incentives, which together speak to consumers’ concerns.

A vigorous EV program can be a huge win for utilities. By accelerating the pace of EV adoption, they stand to gain financially by growing demand for energy and related services, and by improving operational flexibility as EVs become a grid resource.

Another important benefit: EVs can help utilities improve customer satisfaction by saving their customers money through reduced rates, and helping them navigate the barriers to EV purchasing. 

So if utilities have ample motivation to help accelerate EV adoption, what’s their next step? At 3Degrees, we have worked closely with utilities nationwide for over a decade and had a hypothesis that they have a built-in audience for marketing EVs: participants in Green Power Programs (GPPs). These customers have already shown that they are willing to make investments to support sustainability. To test this theory, 3Degrees studied GPP participants from 10 U.S. utilities and compared them to EV owners – and proved our hypothesis.

Many similarities between EV owners and GPP participants 

Our research found that GPP participants and EV owners are very similar across a number of factors.   

  • Higher rates of income and net worth –  both groups tracked above national averages, though the net worth of EV owners averaged 133% higher than GPP participants.
  • Higher levels of education – both EV owners and GPP participants have higher than average college completion rates, though a notably larger percentage of EV owners (65%) are college grads versus GPP participants (49%). 
  • Higher levels of home ownership, home value, and home equity
  • Higher levels of environmental consciousness
  • Higher propensity to spend across lifestyle categories, like gardening, healthy living, books, and luxury retail items

Based on these findings, we then looked for evidence that our hypothesis is playing out in the market and worked with one of 3Degrees’ utility partners to examine its residential GPP participants and EV owners in that service area.

The correlation held up: EV owners were 79% more likely than non-EV owners to be enrolled in that utility’s green power program.

As part of our research, we also compared the demographics of hybrid owners and GPP participants, since hybrids (like EVs) are often purchased on the basis of their lower carbon emissions. Not surprisingly, hybrid owner characteristics lined up well with GPP participants and, in some cases, even better than EV owners. 

In addition to the demographic similarities, GPP participants are also strong targets for EV marketing for another important reason – the best target for any utility program is a customer who already participates in a utility program. They likely read what you send them, they’re engaged with their energy use, and they like trying new programs. 

Utilities and GPP participants can be climate heroes, together

By growing their green power programs and effectively marketing EVs to those participants, utilities can play a significant role in accelerating EV adoption. In the process, both utilities and their customers have the opportunity to become true climate heroes.


Maximizing the Value of Your Green Power Programs

Enrollment form green power program

Electric utilities face significant pressures as well as many exciting opportunities — decarbonization, transportation electrification, continuing digital transformation, changing customer preferences, increasing disintermediation (just to name a few). Every day, utility teams work hard to solve these challenges, as well as capitalize on the opportunities that they present. But many utilities fail to realize there is an underutilized tool in their toolbox that could be very effective in these efforts: voluntary green power programs.

What’s the true value of voluntary green power programs?

Having worked closely with utilities for over a decade, I can say with confidence that fully optimized green power programs provide a huge opportunity for utilities. When designed and implemented well, these programs offer numerous benefits.


Green power programs enable utilities to partner with their customers to achieve utility or regional carbon reduction targets.

New revenue potential

These programs also provide the opportunity to achieve incremental revenue, whether from assets supported by the voluntary market or a regulatory-approved mark-up. While challenging to make happen, this is feasible and some utilities are already realizing these revenue gains.

New load

Green tariffs have become absolutely essential in attracting most significant new corporate load.

Customer satisfaction

As documented by J.D. Power research, when customers participate in a green power program – or are even just aware of it – customer satisfaction scores jump.

New sales opportunities

When most utilities envision the utility-of-the-future, they picture selling more than just electrons to customers. Green power programs allow utilities to start to build that muscle, and can even fund entire sales channels that can eventually be leveraged to support the sales of additional products.

Digital transformation

Green power programs provide the perfect opportunity for utilities to embrace a comprehensive digital sales and marketing strategy (most are just scratching the surface right now). With a low barrier to entry, highly targeted reach, and a great storytelling platform, a full digital strategy can help utilities explore new ground when it comes to connecting with customers where they are.

While it may not be possible to realize every one of these benefits, a well-designed suite of programs should be able to deliver on most of them collectively. Even a legacy program can be optimized to deliver increasing value.

Moving from the “Why?” to the “How?”

Frequently, utilities create individual green power programs that are reactive — designed to address a particular threat or to serve a specific client — which can make it difficult to scale the programs to reach their full potential. And without scale, most of the benefits listed above simply aren’t meaningful or even possible. 

Instead, utilities need to start with a proactive program design where an entire suite of green power programs is designed as part of a clear, intentional piece of the organization’s broader strategy. Critical factors in program design include:

Customer research

Green power programs are only successful if customers enroll. It’s essential to invest time in researching how your customers across different segments feel about critical elements of the program.

Renewables strategy and pricing

Based on this research, you’ll have a better sense of how your program needs to balance cost with impact. Customers want to have an impact with their purchase, but there is still a ceiling on the premium customers are willing to pay.

Stakeholder engagement

Working with environmental and rate-payer advocates early on in the program design process will help you understand what they value and, later, make it easier to secure their support. And engaging internal stakeholders is also critical to program success — if they understand the value the program delivers, they will be more likely to champion it throughout the organization.

Financial and strategic value

Utilities need to be intentional about the value they want a suite of green power programs to deliver. For example, if program profit is critical, this needs to be built into the program rates at the beginning.

Marketing investment

Green power programs are unlike other utility programs that often have fixed, regulatory mandated marketing budgets. In this case, the budget grows as the program grows — which is appropriate for a premium, subscription-based product. One of the most common mistakes utilities make is under-funding their marketing efforts in early years. Without investment, they can’t scale the program and ultimately deliver any of the benefits listed above in a meaningful way.

Green power programs sit at the intersection of decarbonization and customer satisfaction and thus provide a unique opportunity to utilities. By maximizing the value of these programs, utilities, their customers, and the climate all win.